The carbon tax is good for our health
Dr. Trevor Hancock
19 June 2018
Doug Ford, the new Premier of Ontario, has just joined the ranks of the political dinosaurs – chief amongst them Donald Trump and his Cabinet as well as several other provincial Premiers – that downplay or ignore the environmental, social, economic and health impacts of climate change. He announced that one of his first acts would be to cancel Ontario’s cap-and-trade system and to challenge the federal government’s carbon tax.
Mr. Ford’s spin on the story – like his twin in the White House – is that a carbon tax is a job killer and bad for families. But in fact a 2011 UN Environment Program report found the transition to a green economy would result in at least as many if not more jobs than ‘business as usual’, while a 2016 report from Canada’s Green Economy Network found that investing in renewable energy would create about one million new jobs, and a2014 study by REMI found that a revenue-neutral carbon tax in the US would create jobs and increase GDP.
As for being bad for families, while the carbon tax is not a job killer, the high-carbon economy that Mr. Ford and his ilk support is a people killer – and how is that good for families? This is because carbon emissions cause climate change, and there are significant health impacts from this. The World Health Organization (WHO) notes that “climate change is expected to cause approximately 250,000 additional deaths per year between 2030 and 2050”.
Canada is already experiencing the health effects of climate change, which include the physical and mental health impacts of large forest fires, urban heat events, floods, droughts and – in the North – disappearing sea ice, melting permafrost and changing animal migration patterns. Moreover, as Health Canada notes, “climate change impacts on health will disproportionately affect vulnerable populations, including the poor, elderly, and the young and those who are chronically ill”, as well as the “socially disadvantaged and people living in vulnerable geographical areas” such as the North.
In addition, air pollution is a major cause of death, and has a large economic impact. Globally, general outdoor air pollution – much of it due to fossil fuel combustion – was responsible for more than 3 million premature deaths in 2010, according to the Global Burden of Disease study. Almost 90 percent of those deaths occur in middle and low-income countries, the 2017 report of the Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health noted.
In Canada, a report from the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) estimated that 21,000 Canadians would die as a result of air pollution in 2008. In addition, there would be 11,000 hospital admissions, 92,000 emergency department visits and620,000 visits to a doctor’s office for treatment.
Moreover, our supposedly economically wise leaders also ignore or discount the economic costs of these health impacts, and the economic benefits of preventing air pollution. For climate change, the WHO states “The direct damage costs to health . . . is estimated to be between USD 2-4 billion/year by 2030”, while the CMA estimated the health care costs alone in Canada due to outdoor air pollution in 2010 would amount to $438 million, while productivity losses would be $688 million.
Failure to implement a carbon tax and take other steps to rapidly and dramatically reduce carbon emissions and associated air pollution due to fossil fuel combustion leads to major health problems, globally and in Canada. Clearly Mr. Ford and others of his persuasion don’t care about people dying in other parts of the world, or even in their own backyards; they prefer short-term gain and don’t mind inflicting long-term pain to get it.
But for those of us who do care, carbon taxes – while not the whole answer – are an important part of the strategy. Just as we raised taxes on tobacco as part of a much broader public health campaign, so too we need to raise taxes on fossil fuels – which some people call ‘the new tobacco’. By doing so we can help to reduce the health impacts of climate change around the world, reduce local air pollution, and create jobs in the emerging clean energy sector. So wake up, Mr. Ford, and smell the clean air.
© Trevor Hancock, 2018